The leaves are beginning to change and the air is turning colder. That means that deer are on the move as mating season approaches. Deer crashes peak in October, November and December.
The deer herd population in Ohio is estimated at around 750,000. Just 20 years ago the number of deer in Ohio totaled about 150,000.
The counties in Ohio that have the highest number of deer crashes also rank high in the number of residents. The odds of striking a deer depend on the number of cars on the road.
State Farm insurance recently released its annual deer collision rates for states and West Virginia was ranked at the top for the fifth year in a row. State Farm estimates a West Virginia driver has a one in 53 chance of striking a deer in the next 12 months. The odds in Ohio are one in 131.
That's not good news since the Insurance Information Institute estimates a deer crash costs an average of about $3,100 in repairs.
Deer are beginning to get active with approaching mating season and will be foraging for food for the winter months.
Drivers are specifically cautioned to be alert for deer especially at dawn and after sunset. These are the highest risk times for deer-vehicle collisions.
Drive with extreme caution when traveling through deer-crossing zones, in areas known to have a large deer population and in areas where roads divide agricultural fields from wooded areas.
Deer seldom run alone. Seeing one deer usually means there are others nearby. If a deer crosses the road in front of your vehicle, chances are another will try to follow
When driving at night, use high-beam headlights when there is no oncoming traffic. High beams will better illuminate the eyes of deer standing on or near the roadway.
If a deer is seen on or near the road, slow down and blow your horn with one long blast to try to scare the deer away.
Don't swerve your vehicle to avoid striking a deer.
It is actually better to hit the deer while maintaining full control of the vehicle than to try swerve out of the way. The Ohio State Highway Patrol notes more people are injured in wrecks because the driver tried to avoid the deer and ended up hitting another vehicle or going off the road into a ditch or a tree.
If you are involved in a deer crash, pull off to the side of the road and call the highway patrol or local police. Don't approach the deer if it is still in the road.
Chances are good you may be involved in a deer crash, but, by following the listed precautions, you can reduce the odds.